The Japanese Orthopaedic Association(JOA) has released a new evaluation tool of the shoulder(Shoulder 36 V.1.3)after a careful validation study. It has 6 domains including Pain, Range of Motion, Muscle strength, General health, Activities of daily living and Sports activity. As this patient-report tool is composed of 36 simple questions, it is easy to answer even for the aged. One can get each domain score immediately without using a calculator.
Please use the tool and contact the JOA office for any feedbacks or inquiries.